Vector vs Raster Images: Choosing the Right Format > DINFOS Pavilion > Article

It would be a pain to edit vector images with pixel-point precision, and the result won’t be as impressive as a raster anyway. Similarly, if you wish to create a very nuanced image that features complexity in terms of color, tone, depth, and content, go for raster graphics. Pixels have the ability to offer the kind of detail that vectors simply can’t. Each vector object is described by geometric properties such as position, direction, and magnitude. These properties are saved as mathematical equations that can be changed and manipulated without changing the image’s quality. This makes vector graphics perfect for creating logos, illustrations, and other images with simple forms and solid colours.

  • For this reason, they take raster to vector conversion services.
  • A raster graphic, such as a gif or jpeg, is an array of pixels of various colors, which together form an image.
  • We are offering all types of quality vector conversion services to the media production houses by the most dedicated vector graphic experts.

An INDD file is a professional page layout project created with Adobe InDesign. It includes page formatting information, page content, linked files, styles, and swatches. INDD files are commonly used for creating and formatting books, magazines, newspapers, flyers, and brochures.

True-to-life graphics

They showcase finer nuances in shading and light at higher resolutions. However, raster files, especially high resolution files, are very large. You typically don’t see the individual pixels unless the resolution is poor, or unless you zoom in on a raster image.

You can take the image below as a reference to decide what will work better with your project. You should use Raster graphics for designing true-to-life graphics like shades, shadows, and gradients. If you require complex colors and flawless color blending like a painting, choose Raster graphics. The vector image is very helpful when you need a high-quality image that you can rescale several times without making the image blurry. As the pixel number is fixed, if you try to rescale the raster image to fill a larger space, then the image gets pixelated and starts looking blurry.

Pros and Cons of Raster Graphics

Since raster images are comprised of colored pixels arranged to form an image, they cannot be scaled without sacrificing quality. The lower its resolution (pixels-per-inch), the smaller the image must be to maintain quality. Raster graphics are digital images made up of a grid of pixels, each with its own colour value. Raster graphics are perfect for capturing photographic pictures, but when scaled raster and vector graphics difference up or printed at a large size, they might become pixelated or indistinct. The more pixels in any given area, the larger the image can be printed and look sharp because it will have a higher pixel density. For instance, if we examined one square inch of a picture and saw that there were 300 pixels in that square inch, we could then compare it to another image with 1,000 pixels in one square inch.

raster and vector graphics difference

When viewed as an individual dot, it’s just a color; but when viewed as a whole, the colored dots make up a vivid and detailed painting. The pixels in a raster image work in the same manner, which provides for rich details and pixel-by-pixel editing. In the image above, the photograph is best seen in a raster format. The vector version of the image is much more simplified, as vector programs will visualize the graphic in groups of solid colors.

Although most online graphics are still raster-based, the introduction of vector-based SVG files allows elements like logos, illustrations and icons to be used in apps and web development. This will be an important factor moving forward with responsive site designs, as layouts and design elements are adjusted to fit various screen sizes and resolutions like retina displays. Both raster and vector graphics have a purpose in digital design and print and knowing how and when to use them can make a major impact on the quality and look of your final product. Raster images lose their quality when you will try to enlarge them. They are without limitation regarding zooming issues and they don’t lose quality while zooming. Vector images provide many advantages like high-end quality, resize facility, zooming advantage at any size without distortion, etc.

raster and vector graphics difference

Converting vector graphics to raster file formats is something every designer needs to learn. In order to share vector designs to those without vector program access, converting the vector design into a readable raster format is essential. However, you can rescale the vector image infinitely without losing the quality of an image. Vector graphics are digital images made up of mathematical equations defining lines, curves, and forms. Vector graphics, as opposed to raster graphics, are resolution-independent, which means they may be scaled up or down without losing quality. When you are detecting resolution in any output device, what do you think is that the files own eternal specifications?